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The Crusades (Audio)

   For a period of two hundred years, from the end of the 11th to the end of the 13th centuries, Christian popes and kings mounted fierce military attacks against Muslim rulers.         001-- Chapter - 1 (Jerusalem burns) Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript... read more

The Crusaders

To Arab historians, the Crusaders were a minor irritant, their invasion one more barbarian incursion, not nearly as serious a threat as the Mongols were to prove in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The First Crusade began in 1095 after the Byzantines – threatened by Seljuk power- appealed to Pope Urban II for military aid. Pope Urban, hoping to divert the Christian kings and princes from... read more
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